The UPS return notification and mailing label used to retrieve an Short Term Loan kit and ship it back to PaTTAN.
A process, beginning as early as elementary school and continuing through adulthood, that assists a student in developing educational plans to acquire skills related to employment.
CART (Communication Access Real-time Translation)
the simultaneous verbatim translation of the spoken word into English text using a stenotype machine, notebook computer and real time software, which displays the text on a laptop computer, monitor or screen. CART service is often provided in classroom settings for a student who is deaf or hard of hearing.
Central auditory processing involves the analysis of sound, which occurs in the brain (i.e., beyond the inner ear). Children with central auditory processing problems typically have normal hearing.
The bottom of the brain. This is the area involved in muscle coordination, motor learning, balance, and fine motor movements of the body.
A disability resulting from damage to the brain before, during, or shortly after birth and outwardly manifested by muscular incoordination and speech disturbances.
ClassroomPlus is an additional tutoring option for parents of K-9 students who are below proficient in reading and math. Parents are provided with a certificate of up to $500 to cover tutoring services. Children in kindergarten through ninth grade are eligible to participate in the program if they score at the basic level or below-basic level on the PSSA or in the bottom half of state-approved tests.
Evaluation to determine whether a student with low vision can benefit from optical devices, nonoptical devices, or adaptive techniques to enhance visual function.
An optical device that consists of a camera, lenses, and a monitor, which electronically enlarges print, pictures, and objects.
An electronic device that is implanted into the inner ear to provide electrical stimulation to the cochlea to enable perception of sounds.
is follow-up on a continual basis to insure that the cochlear implant is performing correctly and that the child is receiving the intended benefit.
Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP)
CALP is the language ability required for academic achievement in a context-reduced environment. Examples of context-reduced environmentsﾠinclude classroom lectures and textbook reading assignments. CALP is distinguished from Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS).
Difficulty with one or more of the basic functions of the brain, including perception, memory, thinking, attention, and reasoning skills.
This is a deep, sustained unconsciousness that results from the brain damage. The eyes remain closed and the patient cannot be aroused.
A picture or alphabet display; a visual representation that may include photographs or symbols.
is HOW a person expresses and receives communication. Examples include speaking, signing, gesturing, writing, etc. The method of communication being employed in the environment of the deaf or hard of hearing child
Student eligibility for specialized formats of copyrighted materials must be documented by a competent authority, which legislation defines as follows: In cases of blindness, visual disability, or physical limitations competent authority is defined to include doctors of medicine, doctors of osteopathy, ophthalmologists, optometrists, registered nurses, therapists, professional staff of hospitals, institutions, and public or welfare agencies (e.g., social workers, case workers, counselors, rehabilitation teachers, and superintendents). In the case of reading disability from organic dysfunction, competent authority is defined as doctors of medicine who may consult with colleagues in associated disciplines.
Compliance Monitoring for Continuous Improvement (CMCI)
The Bureau of Special Education’s monitoring system of school districts and charter schools. It is based on Federal requirements to ensure quality educational programs for students with disabilities.
The process of constructing meaning from written text. It includes such skills as: activating prior knowledge, literal understanding of what is read, sequencing, summarizing, making inferences, predicting, and making connections between new and unknown information.
This means the ability to operate a computer by using a standard keyboard or an adapted input method.
An injury that commonly results from a blow to the head or from sudden deceleration. It usually causes an altered mental state, either temporary or prolonged. Often used by the public to refer to a brief loss of consciousness.
Generally includes subluxation of the femoral head, and complete dislocation of the femoral head from the true acetabulum. This condition occurs in approximately one in 1,000 live births and is more common in females than in males.
Any event that follows a behavior (e.g., student gets out of doing work or student must complete work during recess).
Braille consists of a standard alphabet and hundreds of abbreviations and contractions. Using such symbols creates contracted Braille, saving approximately 20% of the space of non-contracted Braille. This term is replacing the old terms Grade 2 or Grade II Braille.
Permanent shortening (as of muscle, tendon, or scar tissue) producing deformity or distortion.
Copyright Act as Amended (Chafee Amendment)
The Chafee Amendment to the Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. Section 121, is a special exemption in copyright law that allows an authorized entity to reproduce or distribute copyrighted materials in specialized formats for blind or other persons with disabilities without the need to obtain permission of the copyright owner.
Core instructional materials are print textbooks and related print core materials published with the texts that are written and published primarily for use in elementary and secondary school instruction and required by the LEA for use by students in the classroom.
The primary instructional tool that teachers use to teach students to read or become proficient in math and to ensure that students reach levels that meet or exceed grade level standards. It should address the instructional needs of the majority of students in the school or district. ﾠ Reviews of research are available at http://reading.uoregon.edu/curricula/index.php and http://www.fcrr.org/FCRRReports/CReports.aspx?rep=core. ﾠ Core programs are the initial tool to guide high quality instruction in the classroom.
The brain’s inability to process the visual formation sent to it from the eyes through the visual pathways.
Council for Exceptional Children (CEC)
CEC is the largest international professional organization dedicated to improving educational outcomes for students with disabilities. CEC advocates for appropriate governmental policies, sets professional standards, and provides professional development.
Services provided by qualified social workers, psychologists, guidance counselors, or other qualified personnel. See Psychological Counseling as a Related Service.
A list of the courses and other educational activities that the student will be involved in prior to graduation which support his desired post-school outcomes.
printed text of spoken English displayed in real time similar to open captioning. It is an effective means of acquiring information for some individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing. C-Print provides a text of spoken information that is meaning – for – meaning rather than a verbatim translation.
There are four levels of achievement recognized by the Department of Education. They are Advanced, Proficient, Basic, and Below basic. ADVANCED – The Advanced Level reflects superior academic performance. Advanced work indicates an in-depth understanding and exemplary display of the skills included in the Pennsylvania Academic Content Standards. PROFICIENT – The Proficient Level reflects satisfactory academic performance. Proficient work indicates a solid understanding and adequate display of the skills included in the Pennsylvania Academic Content Standards. BASIC – The Basic Level reflects marginal academic performance. Basic work indicates a partial understanding and limited display of the skills included in the Pennsylvania Academic Content Standards. This work is approaching satisfactory performance. There is a need for additional instructional opportunities and/or increased student academic commitment to achieve the Proficient Level. BELOW BASIC – The Below Basic Level reflects inadequate academic performance. Below Basic work indicates little understanding and minimal display of the skills included in the Pennsylvania Academic Content Standards. There is a major need for additional instructional opportunities and/or increased student academic commitment to achieve the Proficient Level.
A speech reading and speech production system that uses eight hand shapes in four locations near the face to represent phonemes (sounds) that are not visible on the mouth and phonemes that look like one another on the mouth. Combinations of hand shapes and locations are synchronized with natural speech movements to make spoken language visible and understandable.
Cued Speech (Language) transliteration
the process of a third party (transliterator) facilitating communication between persons who are hearing and persons who are deaf or hard of hearing by providing a transliteration of the communication by working between spoken English and Cued Speech.