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MIKE MIKLOS: In this section, we're going to talk about different types of Mands. A Mand is a verbal operant that is controlled by motivation and specifies its reinforcement. Common names for the Mand
are asking, requesting, commanding, demanding, and questioning. MAN: Two blocks! MIKE MIKLOS: All Mands share one characteristic. In the antecedent condition, the person is motivated to obtain some
specific form of reinforcement. WOMAN: Squeeze! Good girl. MIKE MIKLOS: Basically, this means that the person wants something. We refer to wanting something as a motivative operation. MAN: Potatohead,
Mr. Potatohead. Want a movie? You can watch a movie. MIKE MIKLOS: Motivative operations refer to something that has happened in the environment. For instance, if you have not eaten for a while, you
are more likely to be hungry and food will serve as a reinforcer. MAN: Where's my biology book? WOMAN: In the tote bag. MIKE MIKLOS: Information about a location can become valuable when a location is
needed in order to find something. One can Mand using many different forms. Mands can occur through vocal behavior, through somebody using sign language, through the use of a picture exchange
communication format -- WOMAN: Video game. MIKE MIKLOS: Through use of augmentative communication, or even by writing. CHILD: Winnie the Pooh. WOMAN: Here's Winnie the Pooh. MIKE MIKLOS: Mands can
occur for items that are present -- WOMAN: Video game. MIKE MIKLOS: And for items that are not present. CHILD: Winnie the Pooh. WOMAN: Here's Winnie the Pooh. MIKE MIKLOS: People will also ask for
things such as attention from another person. CHILD: Miss Haver, look! Boots on Olivia. WOMAN: Yeah, boots are on Olivia. MIKE MIKLOS: Or they might ask for a specific action. CHILD: Look! MIKE
MIKLOS: Additionally, people will ask for things such as information. WOMAN: Get the watering can. CHILD: Where is it? WOMAN: I think somebody left it in the bathroom. MIKE MIKLOS: Pure Mands actually
occur very rarely. In order to effectively teach the Mand, it is important that teachers have a clear understanding of motivative operations.